Ecuador, Guayaquil

Guayaquil is Ecuador's largest city and is the focus of the nation's economy. Guayaquil, the capital of the Guayas province, is the largest and most populous city in Ecuador. Located on the Pacific coast, it has a tropical climate, and is known as the ‘Pacific Pearl’. It is the main port of Ecuador, thus, it is of great economic importance to the country.

The city was founded in 1537 by the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana. Among the notable landmarks are a 16th-century church in the old district of Las Pepas and a monument commemorating the Guayaquil Conference (1822) between the South American statesmen José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar.

The surroundings of the city offer archaeological sites of the pre-Hispanic cultures of Valdivia, Machalilla, Chorrera, Guangala and Manteña. The gulf of Guayaquil, the river, the monuments, museums, parks, and its exhilarating nightlife are part of the attractions of this city.

Guayaquil Attractions

The city's surroundings have one of the most important tourist potentials in the nation, seen through a wide span of tourist attractions that range from historic or archeological ruins that can be appreciated in museums, to reserves or locations where one can practice fascinating ecotourism. With the modernity of its new constructions, there is a contrasting story and tradition in Guayaquil that can be seen in the Malecon 2000, which is full of day and night life.

Malecon 2000

Find entertainment, culture and nature on this 2.5 km waterfront walk! Malecón 2000 includes monuments, museums, gardens, fountains, shopping malls, restaurants, bars, an IMAX theater, as well as docks and viewpoints. Malecon 2000 is the largest architectural development in the last century of Guayaquil´s history (total surface is 20 hectares). It runs from Cuenca Street on the south of the city, all the way to "Barrio las Peñas" on the north.

La Rotonda

A splendid monument that reminds the historical meeting between Simón Bolivar, the liberator, and José de San Martín, that determined the formation of the great Colombia (integrated by Venezuela, Colombia and Ecuador) and the farewell of San Martín, whom would leave the continent after that.

Barrio de Las Peñas

It was declared a cultural patrimony of the nation in 1982, for being the most representative urban-architectural complex of the 20th century. It is located in the very same place where the city was founded and characterized by its paved streets and their Spanish style wooden houses. The Santa Ana hill - ideal to obtain a panoramic View - and the Guayas river constitute their natural surroundings. The picturesque colonial district of Las Peñas, with its working docks and bobbing restaurant boats makes a good place to eat seafood, sip a beer and watch the city's river traffic. The chocolate-colored Guayas River teams with fragile rafts paddled by banana peddlers, huge ocean liners, dugout canoes and fishing trawlers. Las Peñas historic streets now house art galleries and artists' studios, the city's oldest church, Santo Domingo.

The Cathedral

Originally it was constructed with wood in 1547, but a fire consumed its structures. In 1948, the present temple of neo-gotic style was elevated. They emphasize its glassworks and the marble altar brought from Cuenca. You can find it in Chile Street.

Parque del Centenario

The biggest in Guayaquil. It occupies an extension of four blocks, where you can observe a number of monuments, being the one of greater importance the one for freedom, it shows the image of the Ecuadorian heroes. On its surroundings, statues of a minor size represent history, justice and the heroism.

Municipal Museum

The Jibaros (a tribe of the Amazonia) had the custom to reduce the heads of their enemies, those that after the procedure were left the size of a doll head. Until now, the investigators have not been able to discover the methods and techniques used by the natives. An impressive collection of these " Military trophies " is exhibited in the room located between the Sucre and Pedro Carbo streets.

The Simón Bolivar Pier

A meeting point of interchange, a place stuffed of life that located by the sea and its greatness of incessant waves. Here, sailors relate risky stories, children sell refreshments and trying to think that everything is a game and couples interchange promises of love having the sea as their witness. In front of the pier is the Morisca Tower that was constructed in 1770. Thanks to its height is an ideal place to overview Guayaquil.


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