Flora and Fauna of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is located in a region that is part of the High Jungle. It is an area with great environmentalrichness that has a varied climate, and the existence of numerous zones possible.

The sanctuary flora is exuberant; there are approximately 2,354 species of plants, 29 species of funguses, it is estimated that there are approximately 500 species of orchids which flower along the year; these are not the definitive information because there are still some research and investigations to do.

In the high regions you can find different species of Poaceous. In the low regions you can observe large ancient trees like: the Evergreen Alder (Alnus jorullensis), the Brasilian Coral Tree (Erythrina falcata), the Walnut Tree (Junglans neotropica), the Conifer (Podocarpus glomeratus), the quishuar (Buddleja incana), the queñual (Polylepis racemosa), the cedar (Cedrela sp.) and many more which cover the gorges and the forest edge. Also, there are palm trees the height of the Geromoina and the tree ferns (Cyathea sp.). Orchids are abundant (30 genus and more than 190 species), and are found alternately blooming throughout the year in the open areas of the thick forest. Among the most beautiful depicted exist: the Masdevallia barlaeana and the Maxillaria floribunda. The Bromeliaceous are represented by the Puya weberbaueri and the Tillandsia rubra, among many others.

The area also provides home to a very wide variety of fauna,and we can find in these forests 400 registered species of birds.

The fauna present with very special characteristics in accordance with the diverse zones they live in; among the birds exist the condor (Vultur gryphus) and diverse species of hummingbirds; among the mammals are the Dwarf Brocket (Mazama chunyi), the Cougar (Puma concolor), the Ocelot or Wild Cat (Leopardus pardalis) and some monkey species of the genus: Cebus, Saimiri, Aotus and Lagothrix, the last is in danger of extinction. Among the Ophidia, there exists the boa (Bothrops andianus) and the vipers of the Bothrops genus. There are also other species of threatened wild fauna that live in the sanctuary like, the Andean Cock of the Rock (Rupicola peruviana), the Spectacled Bear (Tremarctos ornatus), the Otter (Lontra longicaudis) and the Pampas Cat (Oncifelis colocolo). The primary objective of the Historical Sanctuary of Machupicchu is to protect the valuable archeological findings, the Andean culture and the spectacular landscape, which make up a natural habitat of important flora and fauna that exist in a vulnerable situation or in danger of extinction.


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