History of Machu Picchu

History of Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu was introduced to the scientific world by Hiram Bingham, are one of the most beautiful and enigmatic ancient sites in the world.

The sanctuary was constructed around 1450, at the height of the Inca empire, and was abandoned less than 100 years later.

The Spanish invaders at the time of the Conquest and during certuries of colonial rule, never discovered the city, and nobody ever led them there, suggesting that the site had long since been abondoned and forgotten.

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Adventure Life

The archeologists believe it was built in the second half of the 15th century, but the function of it is still a mystery. It has been proved that many people lived there, but only important people as noblemen, priests and nuns. After the Spanish conquest, the Incas fled and abandoned the citadel, and nobody else heard about it, not even the Spaniards who never got there.

The Inca architecture was among the finest prehistoric architecture in the world. Examples can be seen in Cuzco and Ollantaytambo, and of course here at Machu Picchu. The building style is characterized by exquisitely cut masonry, placed together completely without mortar. The raw material was granite, worked by stone and sand into irregular shapes that fit together like a gigantic puzzle.

In the original plan, Binghman divided Machu Picchu into sectors according to the cardinal orientation. Some names conserve there originality, but after various decades of discovery, the scientific studies fulfilled by the patronage of archaeology of the National Institute of Culture have reached valuable conclusions about the use and the functions of the buildings on the basis of excavations and architectural relation with similar buildings from the ample Incan state.

In 1913, the National Geographic Society published a special edition about Machu Picchu, bringing it worldwide renown. It captured the imagination of people around the globe, and has since been one of the most sought-after visitor destinations in the world. Recently, Machu Picchu has been in the news, as Peru has been pressuring Yale University to return hundreds of artifacts taken from the site during Bingham's initial excavations.

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