Peru Climate and Weather

Peru Climate and Weather

Peru enjoys a varied climate, with 28 out of 32 world climates found in one or other part of the country. Though Peru is located in the tropics near the equator, its climate does not correspond to its geographical location. The two main reasons are the Andean Mountain Range and the cold Humboldt Current, which greatly influence the regional climates in Peru.

The Peruvian current and the geographical relief of Peru condition the climate characteristics in three big areas (from west to east), the coast, the Andean area or mountain, and the Amazon area or jungle, corresponding for each one of them particular climate characteristics.

Humidity on the coast produces a sensation of cold, although temperatures rarely dip below 12°C. During the summer the sun beats down and temperatures often top 30°C. The central and southern sections of the coast feature two well-defined seasons: winter from April to October, and summer from November to March. The north coast is not touched by the effects of the cold current, which means it enjoys 300 days of sunshine a year and warm temperatures all year-long (as much as 35°C in the summer). The rainy season runs from November to March

The Andes known as the backbone of South America, the Andes consist of two parallel ranges, the eastern and western cordilleras, extending from the northwest to the southeast, and comprise the second highest mountain range in the world. 160 miles inland from the Pacific, the Andes jut up to heights of 20,000 feet. Most of Peru's Andes lie between 9,840 feet to 13,120 feet, with peaks separated by deep canyons.

In the highlands from May to October, rain is scarce. Daytime temperatures reach a warm 20° to 25°C (68°-77°F), and nights are often quite cold (near freezing), especially in June and July. Rainfall is very abundant from December to March, when temperatures are slightly milder--18° to 20°C (64°-68°F) dropping only to 15°C (59°F) at night. The wettest months are January and February. Most mornings are dry, but clouds move in during the afternoon and produce heavy downpours.

Though the Amazon jungle is consistently humid and tropical, with significant rainfall year-round, it, too, experiences two clearly different seasons. During the dry season (May-Oct), temperatures reach 30° to 35°C (86°-100°F) during the day. From November to April, there are frequent rain showers (which last only a few hours at a time), causing the rivers to swell, and temperatures are similarly steamy.

 

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