Peru, Lima, The Plaza de Armas

Lima, the capital of Peru, hemmed in by the Pacific Ocean on the one side and the foothills of the Andes mountain range on the other. It is located in the valleys of the Chillón, Rímac and Lurín rivers, on a coast overlooking the Pacific Ocean. It forms a contiguous urban area with the seaport of Callao.

Its name has been derived from the Aymara word lima-limaq, which means 'yellow flower'. The city also holds the title 'The City of Kings'. It is the core of the Lima Metropolitan Area, which is regarded as one of the ten largest metropolitan areas in the Americas. It is also the capital of Lima Province and the cultural, industrial, financial and transport hub of Peru.

The city's past supremacy is revealed in its civil and religious buildings which still stand and are well preserved, such as the Monastery of San Francisco, the Palace of Torre Tagle and the Plaza de Acho, the bull ring.

During this period of splendour local inhabitants conceived a peculiar character for the city, manifested in its mestizo baroque buildings and works of art, as well as in the traditional festivities and celebrations.

The origins of Lima pre dates the Spanish foundation of the city by many centuries. Pre Hispanic sites have been brought to study in the last decades and the city is rediscovering its native roots. Ancient centers of pilgrimage like Pachacamac, or religious and administrative buildings like Huallamarca and Pucllana can be visited nowadays.

Lima is a city transformed in the 20th century by the massive immigration particularly from the high Andes. As a result of this, it has adopted at present a new diverse and multicultural identity in permanent evolution.

The City of Lima has many attractions: museums such as the Magdalena, and the Gold Museum; site museums in Pachacamac and Puruchuco; churches and colonial houses such as San Francisco, La Merced and the Palace of Torre Tagle; archaeological ruins such as Pachacamac, Cajamarquilla, El Paraíso and Chilca; scenic landscapes such as the Infiernillo, Chillón and Río Cañete Canyons. There are also thermal baths such as the Churín and numerous beaches within Metropolitan Lima.

The city of Lima, which has a number of cultural, recreational and entertainment centers is a popular tourist destination in Peru.



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